There is a controversy in the art world at the moment, and it would be interesting to know your opinions about a lady's toe abnormality. The artist is Lucas Cranach the Elder, and the picture is of Venus, dated It belongs to the Stadel museum, Germany. I attach a link to a website, because the images are copyright of the Cranach Digital Archive.

When you enlarge the high definition image, it appears that the hallux is shorter than the next toe, and possibly the middle toe as well. The model may have a unilateral anatomical shortening of the left big toe Hallux which would be more likely familial, than acquired through surgery given the period. But it is possible. In my opinion for what it is worththe apparent shortening is an optical illusion caused by a lack of perspective.

She has a unilateral hallux abducto-valgus deformity bunionwhich the artist has not quite captured on a flat surface. Post a Comment.

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Monday, April 21, Big toe and genetics: The long and the short of it. Posted by footalk at Monday, April 21, Newer Post Older Post Home. Subscribe to: Post Comments Atom.Take a look at the image above and find the one that best matches you. Below you will find an explanation of what your toe length can reveal about your personality!

If your big toe is longer than the others, it means you're bright and creative. You creatively solve your problems and can easily think outside of the box. You find it difficult to stay focused, however, and tend to abandon projects partway through. If it's smaller than the other toes, it indicates pretty much the opposite. You're an effective multitasker but you tend to do things by the books.

Learn to knit socks #4 - length of foot and the toe on DPNs

If your second toe is longer, your'e a born leader. You're great at managing people and coordinating efforts.

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You're energetic and resourceful and stand up for what you believe in. If your second toe is shorter than the others, it means you may have trouble standing up for yourself, though you are more level-headed.

Morton's toe

If your third toe is longer, you tend to have a more dynamic personality and are successful in your field of work. This toe is linked with your energy and willpower, as well as your drive. You tend to be a perfectionist. If the third toe is shorter, you live a simpler life and enjoy the small things. Chilling out is your go-to. If your fourth toe is long and straight, you care deeply about your family life.

Morton's Toe: Dominant or Recessive?

Personal matters come before anything else and you're a wonderful listener. Your family is where you draw your strength. If the fourth toe is shorter and curved, you may need to unwind a little bit, as you're prone to being a worrier.

Focus on your family and love life. If your little toe is very little, it may indicate that you don't handle responsibilities all that well and you get easily bored and lose focus.

You're a joker and tend to be well liked, but responsibilities aren't your strong suit. If your little toe wiggles independently of the others, it indicates an adventurous, charming, impulsive spirit. Do you want to learn more about your personality and life? You won't believe what the science of Numerology can reveal about you. That's right, the numerology of your birth datedespite whatever month you were born, can reveal surprising information about who you truly are.

You won't believe how accurate it is!

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Was this article accurate for you? Let us know in the comments below.IT'S long been said you can tell a lot about someone from the size of their feet. Now you can size someone up by studying their toes. Your toes can be telling. Picture: Thinkstock.

Well now, thanks to this nifty little graphic, you can size someone up by studying their toes. This interesting diagram from KuvatON. Apparently the alignment of your feet's digits reveals whether you hail from Greek, Egyptian, Roman, Germanic or Celtic heritage.

What your toes say about you. Picture: KuvatON. When you are happy, how do you walk? When you are depressed, how do you walk? Each of these emotions has it's corresponding walk. Over time you can see their impact on the feet. But I'm most interested in emotions and personality.

Indicates leadership qualities. Rulers from ancient Egyptian and Hawaiian royal dynasties all had long second toes. You need to be in charge.

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You have the natural ability to deceive, as well as the propensity to be misunderstood. Frequently to be found in spies. Denotes unconventional nature. Being able to waggle your little toe indicates restlessness and a need for constant change.

toe length genetics

Log in No account? Sign up Log out news. NewsComAu November 13, pm. Share on Facebook.Morton's toe is the condition of having a first metatarsal which is short in relation to the second metatarsal see diagram. It is a type of brachymetatarsia. The distal metatarsal bones vary in relative length compared to the proximal.

For most feet, a smooth curve can be traced through the joints at the bases of the toes the metatarsal-phalangealor MTP, joints. But in Morton's foot, the line has to bend more sharply to go through the base of the big toe, as shown in the diagram. This is because the first metatarsal, behind the big toe, is short compared to the second metatarsal, next to it.

The longer second metatarsal puts the MTP joint at the base of the second toe further forward. If the big toe and the second toe are the same length as measured from the MTP joint to the tip, including only the toe bones or phalangesthen the second toe will protrude farther than the big toe, as shown in the photo. If the second toe is shorter than the big toe, the big toe may still protrude the furthest, or there may be little difference, as shown in the X-ray.

The first metatarsal head would normally bear the majority of a person's body weight during the propulsive phases of gait, but because the second metatarsal head is farthest forward, the force is transferred there. Pain may also be felt in the arch of the foot, at the ankleward end of the first and second metatarsals. In shoe-wearing cultures, Morton's toe can be problematic. For instance, wearing shoes with a profile that does not accommodate a longer second toe may cause foot pain.

A small person study [3] found no statistically significant difference in the frequency of longer second toes between people with and without ingrown toenailsbut tight and ill-fitting shoes are generally considered to increase the risk of ingrown toenails, [3] [4] and shoes are often too tight on the toes.

Among the issues associated with Morton's toe is that the weight distribution causes the front of the foot to widen as the weight shifts from the first shortened toe to the others. Regular shoes will often cause metatarsalgia and neuromas as the shoe pushes together the toes hence the case of Morton's neuroma.

Wide shoes are recommended. Asymptomatic anatomical variations in feet generally do not need treatment. Conservative treatment for foot pain with Morton's toe may involve exercises [9] or placing a flexible pad under the first toe and metatarsal; [2] an early version of the latter treatment was once patented by Dudley Joy Morton.

Morton's toe is a minority variant of foot shape. Its recorded prevalence varies in different populations, with estimates from 2. The name derives from American orthopedic surgeon Dudley Joy Morton —[12] who originally described it as part of Morton's triad a. Morton's syndrome or Morton's foot syndrome : [1] a congenital short first metatarsal bone, a hypermobile first metatarsal segment and calluses under the second and third metatarsals.

Confusion has arisen from "Morton's foot" being used for a different condition, Morton's metatarsalgiawhich affects the space between the bones and is named after Thomas George Morton — Morton's toe, especially the second-toe-is-longer versions, has a long association with disputed anthropological and ethnic interpretations.

Morton called it Metatarsus atavicusconsidering it an atavism recalling prehuman grasping toes. In statuary and shoe fitting, a more-protuberant second toe has been called the Greek foot as opposed to the Egyptian foot, where the great toe is longer. It was an idealized form in Greek sculptureand this persisted as an aesthetic standard through Roman and Renaissance periods and later the Statue of Liberty has toes of this proportion.

There are also associations found within Celtic groups. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the shape of the foot bones.

For the condition involving the soft tissue between the bones, see Morton's metatarsalgia. Foot Ankle Clin.

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Footwear Science. Foot and Ankle Clinics. Harvard Health. Primary Care: Clinics in Office Practice.There are new and modern methods, using your DNA, to determine your earliest heritage background. However, there are also theories of other methods to help determine your genetic make-up. It is as simple as looking at your feet and toes. In case you never noticed, people do have different structure especially when it comes to their toes.

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There is the Egyptian or Arabian Toes where all the toes taper down in size from the large big long toe. It is basically a good structure for walking, but that larger big toe can cause problems with shoes, socks and stockings. The Roman Toes have three of the toes that are all the same length, no various sizes.

toe length genetics

This is also known as Peasant Toesa very stable toe and foot structure. Next would be the Greek Toes with the second toe also known as the pointer toenext to the big toe is very long, even greater in length than the big toe.

Myths of Human Genetics

The rest of the toes taper down in size from the second toe. It is also referred to as the Morton Toe. Occasional the Greek Toes also have a large space between the big toe and the extra long toe or second toe. Many people with this type of toe structure do have foot problems. What is interesting are that many of the ancient Greek statues have this same toes structure on their full body figures. From the central European region would be the Germanic Toeswhere only the big toe is long and all the other four toes are the same size.

This could cause problems in wearing shoes. The big toe is short, then a long second toe and the third, fourth and fifth toe really vary in length.

Genetics of Toe Length

Some might be short and then next to it a longer toe. Celtic feet also have a bulge at the base of the big toe where bunions tended to form.

So just some fun theories, not completely proven through science, just an interesting observation. Look down, check out your toes, even compare left and right foot, there could be a difference. Tag Cloud 19th century 20th century 23andMe America ancestor ancestors ancestry Ancestry.

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toe length genetics

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toe length genetics

Members do not see these Ads. Sign Up. NewsBotMar 29, This is a statement without source references or other substantiating proof and has no context, and so would seem to be meaningless. KeransApr 3, My colleague and friend Dr Emma Nelson did her doctorate on something along those lines but in hands - the genes will be the same.

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Rob KiddApr 4, NewsBotJan 6, You must log in or sign up to reply here. Show Ignored Content. Similar Threads - Genetics Toe Length. Replies: 0 Views: 3, Greg Fyfe May 5, Long-term endurance training impacts muscle epigenetics NewsBotDec 10,in forum: Biomechanics, Sports and Foot orthoses.

Replies: 3 Views: 3, Rob Kidd Dec 10, Replies: 2 Views: 4,Asparagus urine. In some people, the big toe is longer than the second toe here called "L," for long big toewhile other people have the big toe shorter than the second toe "S". This is sometimes said to controlled by one gene with two alleles, with the allele for S dominant to the allele for L. There is no good evidence for this myth; the small number of studies of toe length give contradictory results. I did an image search for painted toenails and arranged the images from longer big toes to longer second toes.

As you can see, the relative length of the big and second toes varies continuously; there aren't just two categories of toe length. Some studies have found about 5 percent of the populations sampled to have the big toe and second toe equal in length RomanusTurgut et al.

Hawkes said the big and second toes were the same length in only 0. She also said about 6 percent of people had the big toe longer on one foot and the second toe longer on the other foot. Hawkes compared British parents and offspring, with the following results individuals who were L on one foot and S on the other are omitted :. She concluded that L was "irregularly dominant" over S. In reality, these data are consistent with S being dominant over L.

If L were dominant, some of the L x L matings would be of two heterozygotes, and some of their offspring would be S. While there is clearly a genetic component, the one L offspring of S x S parents does not fit the model of S being recessive, while the three S offspring of L x L parents do not fit the model of S being dominant. In this study, S parents are more likely to have S offspring than are L parents, so there seems to be some genetic influence on toe length. However, if the myth were true, two S parents could not have an L child, yet more than a quarter of the children of S x S matings are L.

The large number of S individuals with two L parents is inconsisent with the myth that this is a simple one-gene, two-allele genetic character, with S completely dominant to L. The difference between the results from Great Britain, which fit the simple two-allele model, and the results from the Solomon Islands is puzzling; it is possible that the genetics of toe length are just more complicated in the Solomon Islands than in Great Britain.

Kaplan found that out of 63 pairs of monozygotic twins, none had one L twin and one S twin, while 11 out of 44 pairs of dizygotic twins had one L and one S twin. This clearly indicates a strong genetic influence on this trait, although it does not indicate whether toe length is controlled by one or more than one gene. Whether the big toe is longer or shorter than the second toe is influenced by genetics, but it may be determined by more than one gene, or by a combination of genetics and the environment.

You should not use toe length to demonstrate basic genetics. Beckman, L.