Cement is manufactured by calcifying calcarious material lime and argillaceous material shale and clay and then clinker so formed is ground to fine powder. Use of cement alone is limited to filling small cracks with its paste.

It is mainly used as binding material in mortar and concrete. The intimate mixture of cement, sand, coarse aggregate jelly and water is known as plain cement concrete. A small quantities of admixtures like air entraining agents, water proofing agents, workability agents may also be added to impart special properties to the plain cement concrete. Uses of plain cement concrete is listed below:.

As bed concrete below the wall footings, column footings and on walls below beams. As coping concrete over the parapet and compound walls. For flagging the area around the buildings. For making pavements.

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For making tennis courts, basket ball courts etc. Concrete is good in resisting compressive stress but is very weak in resiting tensile stresses.

Hence reinforcement is provided in the concrete wherever tensile stress is expected. The best reinforcing material is steel, since its tensile strength is high and bond between steel and concrete is good. Since elastic modulus of steel is quite high compared to concrete, the force developed in steel is high. A cage of reinforcements is prepared as per the design requirements, kept in the form work and then green concrete is poured.

After the concrete hardens, the form work is removed. The composite material of steel and concrete, now called R. Uses of R. The common structural elements in a building where R. They are used for the construction of. For this purpose R. In prestressed concrete elements, calculated compressive stresses are introduced in the zone wherever tensile stresses are expected when the element is put to use.

Thus in bridge girders, bottom side of beam tensile stresses develop when deck slab is placed and vehicles start moving on the bridge. Hence before girder is placed in its position compressive stresses are introduced at bottom side.I recently ran across the abreviations CL and IL on a civil drawing from the other side of the ocean.

My current guess is "Cover Level" and "Invert Level", because of the mm numbers beside the abbreviations. My first thought for CL was centre line but even a "dumb American" would recognize it.

If it's an Irish drawing maybe Clover Leaf? To me, this plan sounds like a surveyor's topographical plan to be used by the civil engineer to design something. As the other commenter mentioned, until we learn more about this plan, it is impossible to guess with certainty.

Yes it is cover level and invert level. You are looking at a foul water FW and rainwater RW sewer plan are you not? If they are in mm then they would be with respect to the invert level of the nearest mains sewer connection point or a site datum which has been defined.

Yes, as you term it these are foul and rainwater sewer drawings over here we call it sanitary and storm sewer. I appreciate your confirmation, and give you a GA vote. What the hell is "foul water"? Wordwide many call this "sewer". What the hell is "rainwater"?

fgl full form in civil engineering

Many worldwide call this "storm". What the hell is "Ordnance spell check Survey Data"? What is the country of origin of this plan? I'm guessing not US since metric units are referenced. CR4 posters should not assume all readers are from the same country that original poster is from. I get the impression that many from India are not aware that the CR4 community extends beyond their borders. WTF are you man?

fgl full form in civil engineering

My Avatar clearly shows me to be a New England Patriot! One whose spirit incorporates the events of. See link. Battle Roa d. However, the militia was ready for them and chased them back to Boston killing and capturing many. Later on a team known as the "Boston Patriots" was organized in the American Football League to commemorate these brave men.

The team moved out of Boston forty miles south and was renamed "New England Patriots" as the fan base includes the six New England states. This team has won three American Football Championship in the last six years and is probably more well known than the original Patriots after whom they were named.The list of abbreviations used in a set of structural drawings varies from office to office.

Be sure to check the front section of the drawing set for the abbreviations used within. We also have an article that will help you identify structural drawing symbols. Bluebeam Tools and Templates Tool sets, hatches, line types, stamps, and templates for Bluebeam Revu. Best Architecture Books Our list of the top reference books for architects - these are the ones we have on our shelf.

Archtoolbox Guide to Fee Development A guide and toolbox of excel templates to help you develop a fee for architectural services. Stay ahead of the curve with news and tips about architecture practice, leadership, project management, and career growth.

Structural Abbreviations. Help make Archtoolbox better for everyone. If you found an error or out of date information in this article even if it is just a minor typoplease let us know.

Related Archtoolbox Articles. Want to advance your architecture career? Archtoolbox ATB Newsletter.Many abbreviations are common and are regularly used in the drawings but few of the abbreviation are new and unique for a particular drawing.

Someone may make mistake by presuming the abbreviation and start working. My recommendation would be to request for the legend sheet and then start the work as would eliminate error at a later stage. Because, clarity in understanding is important. Listed below are some of the commonly used abbreviations in the piping design, but it may vary from company to company and project to project:. Aviva review reality can be used for reviewing PDMS generated model. Thank you so much sir, for your reply.

But am asking that what are the basic things we need to check in model.?? Hi, Which section of piping isometric are you referring for SC. Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Veera April 17, at am. Piping engineering April 18, at pm. Piping engineering April 17, at pm. Veera April 18, at pm.

What does FFL mean in a building drawing?

Mohammad Muzaffar Sultan June 28, at pm. Piping engineering August 21, at pm. Jorge Padilla October 20, at pm. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.

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Engineers work internationally to design most of what is around us. Having precise vocabulary is key when working with large quantities of expensive materials or when aiming for exact specifications.

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When it comes to documentation and standardizationthere is a specific set of engineering abbreviations that has made communication in the field of engineering uniform. Most engineering companies have their own abbreviations that go beyond the established standards in the English-speaking abbreviation field.

If you want to find more abbreviations used in engineering on an international scale, look into the German Standardization System Known as DIN - Deutches Institut fur Normung to find out more about how they use abbreviations in their engineering documents.

More engineering abbreviations and other jargon and phrases used specifically in the field of engineering in the English-speaking world can be found in any standard engineering manuals. Home Abbreviations Engineering Abbreviations.

Further Information About Engineering Abbreviations Most engineering companies have their own abbreviations that go beyond the established standards in the English-speaking abbreviation field. Engineering Abbreviations. Related Articles. Post a comment.All meanings which belong to FGL abbreviation are take part only within Construction terminology and other meanings are not found.

If you want to see other meanings, please click the FGL meaning link. Thus, you will be directed to page which indicates all meanings of FGL. Besides, you can search by typing FGL in the search box which is found our website. We have compiled queries on search engines about FGL acronym and we gave place them in our website by selecting the most frequently asked questions.

We think you asked a similar question to the search engine to find meaning of the FGL abbreviation and we are sure the following list will take your attention. We did not give any place only meanings of FGL definitions. Yes, we know that your main purpose is the explanation of FGL abbreviation.

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However, we thought, you can consider the astrological information of FGL acronym in Astrology. Therefore, astrologic description of each word are available at the bottom.

You are idealistic and romantic, putting your lover on a pedestal. You look for the very best mate you can find. You are a flirt, yet once committed, you are very loyal.

You are sensuous, sexual,and privately passionate. Publicly, you can be showy, extravagant, and gallant. You are born romantic. Dramatic lve scenes are your favorite fantasy pastime. You can be a very generous lover. You are fastidious, seeking perfection within yourself and your lover. You respond to a lover who is yourintellectual equal or superior, and one who can enhance your status.

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You are sensuous and know how to reach the peak of stimulation, because you work at it meticulously. You can be extremely active-never tiring out. Your duties and responsibilities take precedence over everything else. You may have difficulty getting emotionally close to people. You are very romantic, idealistic, and somehow you believe that to love means to suffer.

You wind up serving your mate or attracting people who have unusual troubles.

WHAT IS NATURAL & ORIGINAL GROUND LEVEL

You see yourself as your lover's savior. You are sincere, passionate, lustful, and dreamy. You can't help falling in love. You really enjoy stimulating yourself, though you are fairly new to it. You fantasize and get turned on by movies and magazines. You neither tell others of this secret life nor of your sexual fantasies.

All definitions, meaning of abbreviations, dictionaries, terminologies, synonymous words, symbols, file extensions, institutions, geography, thesaurus, establishment shorthands and other reference datas are available only to informational purposes. Any data are found in here should not be used for academic, technic, juridical, medical, political, visit, consultation, advice of a legal etc.Why don't fictional characters say "goodbye" when they hang up a phone?

What evidence does Coutu use to support her claim that improvisation requires resilience. All Rights Reserved. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply.

Engineering Abbreviations

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fgl full form in civil engineering

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fgl full form in civil engineering

BE civil engineering is on a little high level as compared to Diploma in civil engineering and BS civil engineering and technology is equivalent to BE civil engineering. Computer Science and Engineering. Bachelor of Engineering. Aircraft maintenance engineering. Diploma of Associate Engineering. Computer aided engineering. International College of Engineering.

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